All about Nipah, the virus that has entire Kerala in panic mode
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All about Nipah, the virus that has entire Kerala in panic mode

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All about Nipah Virus

A virus mainly carried by fruit bats is causing large-scale panic in Kerala. Eight deaths in the state are being investigated for possible links to the Nipah virus, which has a 70 per cent mortality rate.

The deaths have put the government machinery into action. India’s health minister has rushed medical experts to the state after a local politician reported that residents were panicking in Calicut district.

Nipah induces flu-like symptoms that often lead to encephalitis and coma. Fruit bats are considered the main carrier of the virus for which there is no vaccination, according to the World Health Organization.

Nipah was first identified in Malaysia in 1998. In India the disease was first reported in 2001 and again six years later, with the two outbreaks claiming 50 lives.

Nipah virus (NiV) infection is a newly emerging zoonosis that causes severe disease in both animals and humans. The natural host of the virus are fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family, Pteropus genus.


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